[firstchapter:Introduction] [chapters:300,right]

Divine Offices

But we do not need to rest the case here. There is a third unanswerable line of proof that Jesus Christ is God, namely, all the distinctively Divine offices are predicated of Jesus Christ. There are seven distinctively Divine offices. That is to say, there are seven things that God alone can do, and each one of these seven distinctively Divine offices is ascribed to Jesus Christ. The seven distinctively Divine offices are: Creation, Preservation, Forgiveness of Sin, the Raising of the Dead, the Transformation of Bodies, Judgment and the Bestowal of Eternal Life, and each of these is ascribed to Jesus Christ.

Creation is ascribed to Him. In Hebrews 1:10 these words are spoken of our Lord: “And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands.” The context clearly shows that the Lord addressed is the Lord Jesus. In John 1:3 we are told that “All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.” Preservation of the universe and of everything is also ascribed to Him in Hebrews 1:3 where it is said of the Lord Jesus, “Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person [God’s], and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.”

The forgiveness of sin is ascribed to Him. He Himself says in Mark 2:5-10 when His power to forgive sins was questioned, because that was recognized as a Divine power, “But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins.”

The future raising of the dead is distinctly ascribed to him in John 6:39,44, “And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.”

The transformation of our bodies is ascribed to Him in Philippians 3:21. In 2 Timothy 4:1judgment is ascribed to Him. We are told that He shall “judge the quick and the dead.” Jesus Himself declared that He would be the judge of all mankind and emphasized the fact of the Divine character of that office. In John 5:22,23 He said, “For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father.” The bestowal of eternal life is ascribed to Him time and time again. In John 10:28 He Himself says, “And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand,” and in John 17:1,2, He says, “Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.” Here then, we have the seven distinctively Divine offices all predicated of Jesus Christ. This alone would prove that He is God, and we might rest the case here, but there are still other proofs of His absolute Deity.  The Deity of Jesus Christ by R. A. Torrey

[chapter:Jesus is Eternal, the everlasting, the first and the last, Alpha and Omega] [chapters:300,right]

All of these terms refer to the attribute of deity that Jesus and God both have, that they have no beginning and no end. The concepts of “first and last”, and “Alpha and Omega” are setting the absolute end posts by which everything else must fit into this “context”. For example, if we talk about the letters of the English alphabet, we can refer to the whole as “A through Z”, or in other words, every letter has to find its place within the context of A-Z, because this sets the limits for the alphabet. Nothing (no letter of the Alphabet) can exist outside of that context. In this sense we refer to the eternality of God.

We need to understand that there are only so many possible “players” in the scene of Jesus Christ. He is one of the following:

(1) God a spirit without a physical body (his body was an illusion)
(2) God incarnate,
(3) a man (not God-man),
(4) he is an angel.
(5) he is something between these (God incarnate is combination of 1. and number 3) or none of the above.

Since on many occasions it talks of Christ’s body, and people actually touched him, he is not just a spirit (option number 1). If Jesus is a normal man (opt number 3), then his existence began actually in his conception. (We will assume that every human being has always existed in the mind of God from eternity past, but we talk of beginning existence for a human in the moment of conception.) His statement in John 8:58 that he existed before Abraham existed would show that he is not a normal average man. Likewise Jesus is not just a normal angelic (heavenly) being. His humanity would be something that we never see an angel being born of a human being.

See also Index: Divine Names of Jesus

[chapter:Jesus God is the everlasting] [chapters:300,right]

Isa 41:4 Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I the LORD, the first, and with the last; I am he.
Isa 44:6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.

This passage indicates the eternality of the one and True God. The phrase which is used to indicate this eternal position of God is “I am the first and I am the last“.Rev 1:811 identifies God Almighty as being the first and the last, the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end.

Rev 10:6 And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer

John 8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.

Mic 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israelwhose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

Psa 93:1 The LORD reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved.
Psa 93:2 Thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting.

Isa 63:16 Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting.

The phrase “from everlasting” is a direct reference to God Almighty.

[chapter:Jesus God is the First and the Last] [chapters:300,right]

God

Isaiah 44:6

 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. 
Revelation 21:6-7

 And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. 7 He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

Jesus

Revelation 1:10-18

 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, 11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea. 12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; 13 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. 14 His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire; 15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. 16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength. 17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: 18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. 
Revelation 2:8

 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;[chapter:Jesus God is the Alpha and the Omega] [chapters:300,right] [chapter:Jesus God is the Creator, not a creature] [chapters:300,right]

Definition: “Create” – This means the making of something from nothing (ex nihilo). God alone makes material things out of nothing.

The issue of Jesus’ Deity (full divinity, being equal with God the Father and God the Spirit) is important because some groups steal this divinity from Christ, making him something lower than full God. Here we need to understand that worship is directed exclusively to God our Creator, and Jesus is our Creator. Logically the only situation that can possibly reconcile this and the prohibit against worshipping anything other than God is that Jesus is fully God.

Mat 4:9And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.
Mat 4:10Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

The Jehovah’s Witnesses for example claim that God (Jehovah) created first Jesus, and then gave Jesus the task of creating everything else in the creation. When we see the extensive evidence (below) that God Jehovah is overwhelmingly the one referred to as He who created or made the heavens and the earth, this false heretic declaration of the Jehovah’s Witnesses reveals it evil and false nature.

Note: The Holy Spirit is also mentioned as Creator or at least taking part in the creation of the world, and we would assume that the entire Trinity participated in the acts of Creation, and not just Jesus, even though clearly Jesus is the Creator. The identifying of God the Father is very difficult because in the Old Testament, we would presume many of the mentions of LORD (Jehovah) and God were actually God the Father, but it is not so clearly identified as such. Our point here is clearly the Creator is not an angelic being, nor an inferior god being lesser than the Very True God. See 31.17 Holy Spirit in Creation

Creation is singular in History, belonging only to God

Deu 4:32 For ask now of the days that are past, which were before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and ask from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it?

Note that in Deu 4:32, God proposes that there has never been such a work done as Creation. Creation is a work that is singular in history. The importance of this work of Creation is so important that God Himself is the only one who can be credited with having done it. Never is creation attributed to being the work of a creature, but always it is the work of God Himself.

Worship is directly only to God our Creator

The reason why it is so important that we establish Jesus as our Creator and God is because we are obligated to worship our Creator. We should (are commanded by God) to worship Jesus.

Psa 95:3 For the LORD[Jehovah] is a great God, and a great King above all gods.
Psa 95:4 In his hand are the deep places of the earth: the strength of the hills is his also.
Psa 95:5 The sea is his, and he made it: and his hands formed the dry land.
Psa 95:6 O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the LORD our maker.
Psa 95:7 For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand….

In the Bible, God identifies Himself as our Creator, and the Creator of all the universe. This element or position of God in being “our Creator” means that we should worship Him because he is our God, our Creator, our Maker, our Owner. See discussion on Worship.

God

Exodus 34:14

 ‘(for you shall worship no other god, for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God), 
Deuteronomy 30:16-17

 “in that I command you today to love the LORD your God, to walk in His ways, and to keep His commandments, His statutes, and His judgments, that you may live and multiply; and the LORD your God will bless you in the land which you go to possess. 17 “But if your heart turns away so that you do not hear, and are drawn away, and worship other gods and serve them, 
2 Chronicles 7:19

 “But if you turn away and forsake My statutes and My commandments which I have set before you, and go and serve other gods, and worship them, 
Matthew 4:9-10

 And he said to Him, “All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship me.” 10 Then Jesus said to him, “Away with you, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve.'”Jesus

Matthew 2:2

 saying, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we have seen His star in the East and have come to worship Him.” 
Hebrews 1:6

 But when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says: “Let all the angels of God worship Him.” 
John 9:35-38

 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when He had found him, He said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of God?” 36 He answered and said, “Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?” 37 And Jesus said to him, “You have both seen Him and it is He who is talking with you.” 38 Then he said, “Lord, I believe!” And he worshipped Him.Who is not to be worshipped?

Acts 10:25-26

 As Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him and fell down at his feet and worshiped him. 26 But Peter lifted him up, saying, “Stand up; I myself am also a man.” 
Revelation 19:10

 And I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “See that you do not do that! I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren who have the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” 
Revelation 22:8-9

 Now I, John, saw and heard these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel who showed me these things. 9 Then he said to me, “See that you do not do that. For I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren the prophets, and of those who keep the words of this book. Worship God.”

Jesus, the Son, is God Creator

John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
Col 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
Col 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
Col 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
Col 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.
Col 1:19 For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;
Eph 3:9 And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
Heb 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
Heb 1:10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
Heb 3:4 For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.

We would identify Jesus in the New Testament with the title of “Lord”, and as the “Holy One of Israel”.

Lord
Act 7:48 Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet,
Act 7:49 Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of my rest?
Act 7:50 Hath not my hand made all these things?
Act 17:23 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.
Act 17:24 God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands;

God the Son, Jesus Christ, as Creator
Note that the Word of God is also identified specifically in the Acts of Creation
Psa 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
Heb 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.

[chapter:Jehovah (LORD) is God our Creator] [chapters:300,right]

Jehovah or LORD in KJV
Gen 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
Gen 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Gen 2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
Gen 2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
Gen 2:18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
Gen 2:19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
Gen 2:22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
Gen 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
Gen 6:6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
Gen 6:7 And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.
Gen 7:4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I (LORD 7:5) destroy from off the face of the earth.
Deu 32:18 Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten God that formed thee.
Psa 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. 9 For he spake, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast.
Psa 96:5 For all the gods of the nations are idols: but the LORD made the heavens. 
Psa 94:7 Yet they say, The LORD shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard it. 9 He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he that formed the eye, shall he not see?
Psa 95:3 For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods. 5 The sea is his, and he made it: and his hands formed the dry land.
Psa 95:6 O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the LORD our maker.
Psa 100:3 Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
Psa 104:8 They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them. (See Psa 104:1 LORD my God)
Psa 115:15 Ye are blessed of the LORD which made heaven and earth.
Psa 119:73 JOD. Thy hands have made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn thy commandments.
Psa 121:2 My help cometh from the LORD, which made heaven and earth.
Psa 124:8 Our help is in the name of the LORD, who made heaven and earth.
Psa 134:3 The LORD that made heaven and earth bless thee out of Zion.
Psa 136:5 To him (136:1,2,3 the Lord, the God of gods, the Lord of lords) that by wisdom made the heavens: for his mercy endureth for ever.
Psa 136:6 To him that stretched out the earth above the waters: for his mercy endureth for ever.
Psa 136:7 To him that made great lights: for his mercy endureth for ever:
Psa 136:8 The sun to rule by day: for his mercy endureth for ever:
Psa 136:9 The moon and stars to rule by night: for his mercy endureth for ever.
Psa 146:6 Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein is: which keepeth truth for ever: (See Psa 146:1 “LORD”, Psa 146:5 “God of Jacob”)
Pro 3:19 The LORD by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens.
Pro 22:2 The rich and poor meet together: the LORD is the maker of them all.
Isa 43:1 But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine.
Isa 44:2 Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.
Isa 44:24 Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself; 
Isa 45:5 I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:
Isa 45:6 That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.
Isa 45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.
Isa 45:8 Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.
Isa 45:9 Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
Isa 45:11 Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me.
Isa 45:12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.
Isa 45:13 … saith the LORD of hosts.
Isa 45:18 For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.
Isa 51:13 And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where is the fury of the oppressor?
Isa 54:5 For thy Maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.
Amo 4:13 For, lo, he that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thought, that maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth, The LORD, The God of hosts, is his name.
Zec 12:1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.
Act 4:24 And when they heard that, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, Lord, thou art God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is:

When groups such as the Jehovah’s Witnesses try to attack the deity of Jesus Christ, they declare that Jesus is an archangel, created by the one true God, Jehovah, and that after Jehovah created Jesus, Jehovah did not create anything else, but left the rest of Creation for Jesus to perform. This is simply a twisting of Scripture to say what it doesn’t really say. The first account of Creation that God gives us in Genesis 1 and 2 says nothing about either Jesus nor any angel of God creating the universe, but states exactly “God created the heaven and the earth”. The first verse in the Bible has to be of importance in most people’s thinking, and if Jesus is a minor or insignificant god (lower case god), then how is it that God begins Holy Scripture with this minor god instead of the TRUE GOD!? This same true and only God says in Gen 1:27 that He created man in HIS IMAGE. The God of Genesis 1 is the true and only God.

God
Gen 1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
Gen 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
Gen 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
Gen 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Gen 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Gen 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
Gen 2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
Gen 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
Gen 2:4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,
Gen 2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
Gen 2:18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
Gen 2:22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
Gen 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
Gen 5:1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;
Job 10:8 Thine hands (of God Job 10:2) have made me and fashioned me together round about; yet thou dost destroy me.
Job 35:10 But none saith, Where is God my maker, who giveth songs in the night;
Psa 89:11 The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine: as for the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them. (LORD GOD see 89:8)
Psa 100:3 Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
Ecc 11:5 As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all.
Isa 37:16 O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth.
Act 4:24 And when they heard that, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, Lord, thou art God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is:
Rom 9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?
Act 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:
Act 17:24 God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands;
Rom 9:20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?
Rom 9:21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
Heb 11:10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.
Rev 14:7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

[chapter:Jehovah, Lord God is the Creator] [chapters:300,right]

Here God affirms that “the Lord (Jehovah) God made the earth and the heavens” as in other places (Gen 6:7Psa 148:5; Isa 40, especially Isa 40:101826Is 43:1Isa 45:7-811-12).

Isa 40:28 Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding.

Isa 42:5 Thus saith God [El] the LORD[Jehovah], he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:

Isa 45:18 For thus saith the LORD[Jehovah] that created the heavensGod[Elohim] himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD[Jehovah]; and there is none else.

This passage identifies the “everlasting God (Elohim), the Lord (Jehovah), as being the Creator of the earth, from one end to the other.

Amo 4:13 For, lo, he that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thought, that maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth, The LORD[Jehovah], The God[Elohim] of hosts, is his name.

Here God informs us that Jehovah, Elohim is who made the mountains and the wind.

[chapter:Jesus is Creator] [chapters:300,right]

Now once we establish the fact that the Old Testament, clearly using the personal titles and names of God, Jehovah, El, Elohim, etc., we turn to the New Testament and see with clarity that the Bible places Jesus as this same God.

1Ti 4:3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. 
1Pe 4:19 Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.
Rev 4:11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.

Eph 3:9 And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:

Col 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
Col 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:
Col 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
Col 3:10 And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:

[chapter:Jesus God is Savior] [chapters:300,right]

Perhaps one of the most difficult points to understand if we reject the deity of Jesus Christ is how Christ clearly understood and presented himself as the absolute perfection of every sinner. In other words, Jesus confronted every sinner with the concept, “You have a problem in your sin, and I am the solution to that problem. You need me.” We see salvation being a love affair between the sinner and God, and this presentation would be highly blasphemous if Jesus is not God. How can a mere man, or a mere angel, present themselves to sinful men in this way?

8. In relation to man’s spiritual needs, Jesus regards himself as the ultimate and perfect supply. “Jesus answered and said unto her, Every one that drinketh of this water shall thirst again: but whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall become in him a well of water springing up unto eternal life” (Saint John 4.1314; compare with Saint John 10.10).
  Olin Alfred Curtis (1850-1918) – The Christian Faith chapter 16 (1905)

Isaiah 43:11 I, even I, am the LORD, And besides Me there is no savior.
1 Timothy 2:3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior,
Jude 1:25 To God our Savior, Who alone is wise, Be glory and majesty, Dominion and power, Both now and forever. Amen.

Titus 2:13 looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ,
2 Peter 1:11 for so an entrance will be supplied to you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
1 John 4:14 And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son as Savior of the world.

[chapter:Jesus God is Owner of the Human Race] [chapters:300,right]

Another very important support of Jesus’ Deity is that He is the Owner and Head of the Human Race. This concept is necessary if he is to “redeem his own”. Working as a lawyer to defend and free the human race from charges of sin before the court of heaven, he must have a valid entry right into the court and to represent humanity. While the representation is established twofold, (1) because Jesus is Creator, and (2) Jesus is the head of the human race, the validity to come before God is also established by two points: (1) Jesus is sinless, and (2) Jesus is God.

9. Jesus regards himself as the Race-Man. Of all the discussions bearing upon the term “Son of man,” in its meaning as used by our Lord, the discussion by Professor Stevens, in his Theology of the New Testament, seems to me to be the most nearly satisfactory. But, for my purpose, this term “Son of man” has no large importance; and for the sufficient reason that we already have, in the four facts noted in this connection, a clear revelation of our Saviour’s consciousness of his peculiar relation to men. When we try to state this peculiar relation in a compact word we can do no better than to say that Jesus Christ is conscious of being the Race-Man. On the one side, he owns the race. It is his race in such a final way that he has the absolute right to make his claim upon all men. No man, high or low, rich or poor, this or that, can escape him. In his consciousness there is a great racial grasp. And, then, on the other hand, he belongs to the whole race. Every man has a property in him. It is his supreme business to live with men and for men, all men. Therefore, there is a fitness in his redemptive work. It is not extraneous.

It does not come at men from the outside. Our Saviour is not a stranger. His Relation to the Moral Law. Now, holding fast to what we have, namely, our Lord’s consciousness of the redemptive purpose of his mission and of his peculiar relation to mankind, it becomes exceedingly important to discover the content of his moral consciousness. How was he, in consciousness, related to the moral law under which man must be redeemed, if redeemed at all?

10. The first thing to be marked here is that Jesus Christ never manifested any consciousness of being himself a sinner. This point does not in the least depend upon the minute exegesis of such a text as that in Saint John’s gospel (8.46), where our Lord exclaims, “Which of you convicteth me of sin?” It is a matter of personal bearing. Read the record in the gospels from end to end, and you become positive that Jesus felt perfectly free from sin.   Olin Alfred Curtis (1850-1918) – The Christian Faith chapter 16 (1905)

[chapter:Jesus God is Judge of all Beings] [chapters:300,right]

Jesus as the Savior is one of the roles he fulfills, but Jesus is also the final judge of all sinners also.Mat 10:32-33will judge the life of each person and redeem that person or deny that person salvation on the basis of that person’s faith in him (Jesus Christ the Savior). This judge over mankind means that the judge must be of some way above the men he judges. Jesus therefore must be God because he is man’s judge, and while his humanity establishes his link with mankind, his deity (especially seen in as the Creator of mankind) establishes the right and authority to judge mankind.

11. Even as the separate texts are overarched by the general bearing of Jesus, so his general bearing is overarched by the one fact that he claimed to have the moral authority to forgive sin. But that ye may know that the Son of man hath authority on earth to forgive sins (Saint Matt. 9.6; read the entire passage in Saint Mark 2.5-12).

12. But all — the separate texts, the general bearing, and the forgiveness of sin — are overarched by our Lord’s assertion that he alone is to be the final Judge of men. “For neither doth the Father judge any man, but he hath given all judgment unto the Son” (SaintJohn 5.22). “For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then shall he render unto every man according to his deeds “(Saint Matt. 16.27)  Olin Alfred Curtis(1850-1918) –The Christian Faithchapter 16 (1905)

“For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him” (John 5:2223). This declaration that the Father judgeth no man—better “no one”—is especially noteworthy. The Father is the One whom we might most naturally expect to be the Judge. He is the first who was wronged. It is His rights (though not His exclusively) which have been denied. His governmental claims have been set at naught. He was the One who sent here the Lord Jesus who has been despised and rejected. But instead of the Father being the Judge, He hath “committed all judgment unto the Son,” and the reason for this is “that all should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father.” There is then, or more correctly, there will be, absolute equality between the Father and the Son in Divine honors…

“And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man. Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation” (John 5:27-29). This brings us to the seventh proof for the absolute Deity of Christ: He is co-equal with the Father in judicial authority and power.

“And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.” The “also” seems to point back to verse 22, where we are told, “The Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son.” Judgment has been committed to the Son in order that all should honor Him even as they honor the Father. But here in verse 27 Christ gives an additional reason: the Father has also appointed the Lord Jesus to execute judgment “because he is the Son of man.” It was because the Son of God had become clothed with flesh and walked this earth as Man, that He was despised and rejected and His Divine glories disowned. This supplies a further reason why it is meet that the Son of man should be Judge in the last great day. The despised One shall be in the place of supreme honor and authority. All will be compelled to bow the knee before Him; and thus will He be glorified before them and His outraged rights vindicated.  Arthur PinkExposition of the Gospel of John, Chapter 18

Second, who but God is capable of acting as Judge in the Great Assize! None but He can read the heart, and none but He possesses the necessary wisdom for such a stupendous task as determining the sentence due to each one of that vast assemblage which will stand before the great white throne. Thus we see that from start to finish this wonderful passage sets forth the Godhood of the Savior. Let us then honor Him even as we honor the Father, and prostrate ourselves before Him in adoring worship. Arthur PinkExposition of the Gospel of John, Chapter 18

Jesus considered himself to be the expression of moral perfect, sinless, the example of God for holiness. This presentation of Jesus that obviously Jesus himself considered valid and something to teach humanity is hard to accept if Jesus was just a normal man, or even an angel. It borders on haughtiness that is never seen in mankind or angels as anything except demonic. The person making these kinds of claims must be God himself.

[chapter:]

[chapters:300,right]

God

Isaiah 44:6

Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.
Zephaniah 3:15

The LORD hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, even the LORD, is in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more.Jesus

Matthew 27:42

 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. 
Mark 15:32

 Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him. 
John 1:48-49

 Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee. 49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel. 
John 12:12-15

 On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord. 14 And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written, 15 Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass’s colt. 
Matthew 27:11

 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest. 
Matthew 27:29

 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 
John 19:19-21

 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. 21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.[chapter:Jesus God is King of Israel] [chapters:300,right]

GodIsaiah 44:6

 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. 
Zephaniah 3:15

 The LORD hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, even the LORD, is in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more.Jesus

Matthew 27:42

 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. 
Mark 15:32

 Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him. 
John 1:48-49

 Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee. 49 Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel. 
John 12:12-15

 On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord. 14 And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written, 15 Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass’s colt. 
Matthew 27:11

 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest. 
Matthew 27:29

 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 
John 19:19-21

 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. 21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.[chapter:The King of Earth] [chapters:300,right]

God

Psalms 47:2 For the LORD most high is terrible; he is a great King over all the earth.
Psalms 47:7 For God is the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding.
Jeremiah 10:6-7 Forasmuch as there is none like unto thee, O LORD; thou art great, and thy name is great in might. 7 Who would not fear thee, O King of nations? for to thee doth it appertain: forasmuch as among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms, there is none like unto thee.
Daniel 7:27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.
Zechariah 14:9 And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.
Zechariah 14:16-17 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. 17 And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.
2 Thessalonians 1:5 Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer:
Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
1 Corinthians 6:9-10 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

Jesus

Ephesians 5:5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
Colossians 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:
2 Timothy 4:1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;
Hebrews 1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
2 Peter 1:11 For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
Revelation 1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.
Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. (Ephesians 4:5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism)

a. Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
b. Acts 11:17 Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God?
c. Acts 15:11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.

[chapter:King of Kings] [chapters:300,right]

GodDaniel 2:47

 The king answered unto Daniel, and said, Of a truth it is, that your God is a God of gods, and a Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, seeing thou couldest reveal this secret.Jesus

1 Timothy 6:14-15

 That thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ: 15 Which in his times he shall show, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; 
Revelation 17:14

 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. 
Revelation 19:13-16

 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. 15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.[chapter:Jesus God is Divine Redeemer] [chapters:300,right]

Acts 20:28 “Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.

The church is identified as being the “church belonging to God”. God is qualified as being the one who purchased the church with his own blood. Did God the Father die on the Cross or did Jesus? Well, Jesus did. Then Jesus is the God spoken of here.

[chapter:Conclusion] [chapters:300,right]

One of the most important points of locking into the doctrine of the deity of Jesus Christ is understanding just what the office and mission of the Messiah was. Jesus was the Christ, the Messiah of the OT Jews. This Messiah was God Himself stepping down from heaven to partake of humanity so that He could effect salvation for mankind. This makes no sense if Jesus is not fully God. The mission of Jesus Christ was to save men. His conception and verbalization of this mission is seen in Luke 19:10 “For the Son of man came to seek and to save that which was lost.” Jesus came to establish the “kingdom of God” on earth. This is not a philanthropic kingdom only, but is highly involved in and based in the redemption of man’s soul. Entrance to the kingdom of God was only through being spiritual born “anew” (John 3:3), and conditioned on repentance from sin (Luke 5:32). To accomplish this mission Jesus had to give up his pre-existent state and take on himself humanity. Having taken on humanity, he had to give up his life to sinful men. The concept of the “Good Shepherd” that dies in saving his sheep in John 10 is this idea. Moreover his life was given as a “ransom paid” for humanity. “For the Son of man also came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many”Mark 10:45Mat 20:2826:28. All of this focuses on Christ’s mission which was clearly in his own mind a mission that centered on his own sacrifice, from his life on the cross to his pre-existent state of glory.

Bibliography:
Olin Alfred Curtis
 (1850-1918) – The Christian Faith chapter 16 (1905)

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